The territory that is now known as the Czech Republic was part of the Austrian, or Hapsburg, portion of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I in 1918. It then became a part of the Czechoslovak state. During the 1930s, Czechoslovakia was an industrial powerhouse. The Czechoslovak industries, including machine and automotive manufacturing, were among the world's most developed. After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell under the political and economic influence of the Soviet Union.
The communist economy included state ownership of enterprises, state-led central planning of economic activities, and artificial price controls . After some Czechoslovak leaders attempted to introduce some political, cultural, and economic liberalization , the country was invaded by the troops of neighboring communist countries under the direction of the Soviet Union (1968). This intervention put a stop to liberalization, when the government attempted to increase production of consumer goods in exchange for compliance among the people. In spite of the govern-ment's efforts, the economy declined, causing a crisis by the late 1980s.
Depending on the purpose of your travel to the Czech Republic, there are different types of visas that will apply to the occassion.
Whether you are planning to go on a visit, study or work and reside in the Czech Republic permanently, you will have to apply for a different Schengen Visa, accordingly.
a valid travel document (recognized by the Czech Republic, not older than 10 years, containing at least 2 free pages, its validity must be at least 3 months longer than the validity of the long-term visa),
1 photograph (3,5 x 4,5 cm, light background, no head covering except for religious reasons), a duly completed and signed visa application form,
a document confirming the purpose of stay (i.e. the original enrolment letter in the university or in other accredited study programme, issued in the Czech language),a proof of accommodation:
provided by the applicant - either the original lease contract or its certified copy, the official declaration of the accommodation provider with his/her attested signature, or a document proving the applicant´s ownership of a flat or a house in the Czech Republic – in original or a certified copy, issued in the Czech language, etc.),
provided by the Czech university/school electronically by a “datova schranka“ (data box) on the applicant´s behalf – in such case, kindly let us know in advance (before submitting the application).
a proof of funds in the Czech Republic and the proof of access to them from the Czech territory, such as in case of scholarship - original document proving that the applicant is entitled to a scholarship - such document needs to be further attested and translated into the Czech language – for details see Remarks below,
in case of self-paying students - an original stamped bank account statement for last 3 months with a copy of an international credit card linked to this account – in case the bank account’s owner is the parent, there must be a declaration by the parent that s/he will support the offspring during the stay in the Czech Republic, translated to the Czech language - suggested form in Attachment II may be used)
a police clearance certificate (provided in original containing the attestation stamp from the respective Ministry of Foreign Affairs - for details see Remarks below):